R&R Photography Star Gazing

Various photos

On this page, pictures of various Star activities, events and presentations are posted (groups photos, etc...), along with other various information.  Throughout the year, I will attempt to also post pictures, such as the ones of Marc and Kevin, of members and how they have supported community events.


Remembrance Day Ceremony, Downtown New Liskeard, Whitewood Ave.
 A few members wearing their "Stars and Stripes"

Kevin and Marc proudly sported their Star identification coats and badges, showing their respect for our soldiers; those who are still fighting and the victims of war (those who have died),  at the 2009 Remembrance Day Ceremony in New Liskeard, this November 11th.

"A Pittance in Time" - Terry Kelly - Remembrance Day 2009 - New Liskeard, Ontario, Whitewood Avenue


Star Touring and Riding October meeting - Gillies Restaurant

Some of the many, many bikes at Bikers Reunion 2008

A few pictures I took in Barrie at Royal Distributing of a few bikes hanging as displays and the new, custom built "Titan" bikes that were being shown that day at the store.  Having spoken to the manager of the store, Kevin and I discovered that New Liskeard is a well-known little town for it's contribution to raising funds for Cancer research and to aid families affected by cancer.  She recognized the name when we mentioned Bikers Reunion, as do so many other people all over Ontario. 

On this site you will find pictures of various events Star Touring and Riding Chapter 5106 members have taken part in, past Bikers Reunions and general information, Bikers Reunion 2008 and 2007 more specifically, Bikers mass, the 2009 Star Touring and riding Chapter 5106 Christmas party, our ride to Extendicare in Haileybury, Ontario, our "In memory of..." wall, where you can sign the name of a loved one who has been diagnosed with Cancer, the Star Touring and Riding Chapter 5106 blog where you can write to your fellow members, an "about the area" information page, a page where you can contact me (site creator, photographer), and other interesting links such as a direct connection to Star Touring and Riding Chapter 5106, Star Touring and Riding's general site, Bikers Reunion and others.  Enjoy!

The next stop is Bikers Reunion info and more..... Stay tuned for more information on the upcoming events for Bikers Reunion 2010.  You won't want to miss Red Green, the duct tape king of all times!

Did you know????

List of bikes


Aaen Racer, designed by Olav Aaen in the 1960's. It's unclear how many, if any, were produced
Finland, Ice racers. Jawa engines
USA, 190, Rollin Abell built a steam powered bicycle and patented the coaster brake around 1901
Germany, 1923 - 1925
England, 1913 - 1921, All British Engine Company Had a transversely-mounted flat twin engine in 1918
England, 1919 - 1924 All British Cycle Co.
Germany 1922 - 1924 A.B.C. Werk in Berlin
USA, 1901 - 1902, The American Bicycle Co. built motorcycles as the American Cycle Manufacturing Co.
England and Australia, early 1900's
Germany, 1930's
England, 1930's - 1950's?, Aberdale was run by the Levy bros. and bought Bown Cycles from William Bown in the late 1930's
ABJ England, 1949 - 1954? Started by A B Jackson from Raynal Auto
ACE Motorcycles
Bill Henderson Of Henderson Motorcycles started the Ace Motor Corporation in 1920 in Philadelphia.
Germany, mopeds 1953 - 1957, Sold to Norman Cycles Ltd in England
England, 1902, became Rex-Acme 
Acme Motorcycles
Australia 1940's Not affiliated with Acme England. Built by Bennett & Wood in Sydney, used Villiars engines. There were also two other companies in Australia that used the Acme name in the early 1900's
USA, 1993, California, American Dirt Bike Co. Rotax Engines
Germany, Adlerwerke Frankfurt until 1958
Taiwan, 1978, built by Her Chee, scooters, motorcycles and ATV's
Germany, 1924 - 1926
Italy, 1979? 1980? 250cc Grand Prix racer
England, 1913, built by William Bown
Taiwan, Mopeds, scooters
England, 1937A.
Started as an airplane manufacturer in 1912. Started making motorcycles in 1950. Aermacchi set many world records and partnered up with Harley-Davidson in 1960 and took over Harley's light weight bike production when Harley stopped their small bike line, commonly known as the "Hummer", around 1965 or 1966. Aermacchi was bought by Cagiva in 1978
France, post war to about 1956
Brazil, Agrale manufactures some parts and assembles and distributes Cagiva, Husqvarna and MV Agusta under license from Cagiva who owns all three names 
Agrati (Garelli)
Italy, Small cc scooters
England, The Stevens bros. built engines using the Ajax name for AJW for a short time in the 1930's
Portugal, They make motocross bikes with Casal engines 
Was created by the four Stevens Brothers, who started the Stevens Motor Manufacturing Co. in 1899 to build engines and A. J. Stevens & Company in 1909 to produce motorcycles. The AJS came from Albert John (Jack) Stevens' initials.
England, 1926 - 1953?, Arthur John Wheaton Used Ajax (built by the Stevens bros), Anzani and JAP engines up to 996cc. The AJW name has been used by at least three owners up into the 1980's
England, 1926 - 1933, Abingdon King Dick Co. started as a tool maker in 1856, briefly made motorcycle engines and complete bikes and now still makes tools. The King Dick name came from the owners bulldog
Germany, 1919 - 1924
Germany, 1922 - 1924
France, 1904 - 1956
Spain, Supermoto and enduro bikes
Italy, Scooters
England, 1913 - 1916, English branch of Swiss based Moto-Reve. Beta of Italy now makes a model called Alp
England, Early 1900's - 1927?, Alldays & Onions made motorcycles, 3-wheelers and autos. Some were used by the postal service. Alldays-Matchless?
USA, The Alligator is a project that Dan Gurney has been working on since 1979. The current stage is the A4A, which has carbon-fiber bodywork, a single-sided swing arm (with in-arm shock), fuel injection and built around a Honda XR600cc single engine. The object is to have a very stable cornering machine that will go 150mph
England, 1915 - 1926, Made by Alldays
Germany, 1901 - 1928, they were also sold as Tiger, Roland, Vindee and VS in various markets. They used JAP, MAG, Kelcom and other engines
Sold by Sears they were made by Cushman, Puch, Gilera? and Vespa
Swiss, 1950's
Germany, 1924 - 1925 Allg. Motorfahrzeug Berlin
Brazil, 1978 - 1990, made by Amazonas Motocicletas Especiais Ltda. Used a 1600cc VW car engine. Not a very well engineered motorcycle
England, Bought by DMW in 1965
Germany, 1921 - 1926, The Carl Brandt Motor Company in Berlin
England, Associated Motor Cycles Ltd. Is the name eventually used, until it ceased to operate in 1966, by the Group that ended up with the rights to AJS, Matchless, Norton, James, Francis Barnett, Enfield, Indian, Douglas?, Vincent? and ? They were taken over by "Manganese Bronze Bearings" who then formed NVT
USA, The Allied Motors Corp. Had a 1000cc V-Twin around 1915
1918 America
USA, They were replicas of a 1918 Harley-Davidson. They had a one piece frame that incorporated a non-detachable side car. They used a Harley Evo type engine with electronic ignition and disc brakes. The gas tank on the bike was used to hide the electronics. The real gas tank was under the seat of the sidecar. The builders sent Malcolm Forbes a brochure hoping he would be interested in one, his secretary sent back the brochure with a note saying "Mr. Forbes only buys new motorcycles..."  They must have been made in the 1980's as Forbes died in 1990. They were forced to stop making them because of a threatened lawsuit by Harley.  About a dozen were built. The jigs and molds were later sold to Arlen Ness and he has made several since.
USA, 1904 - 1905
USA, 1901 - 1902, The American Cycle Manufacturing Co. was taken over by Pope. The American name was used by at least five other early builders plus at least a half a dozen later Harley clone fabricators 
American Dirt Bike
USA, California (ADB)
American Eagle
USA, 1966 - 1970's?, The name that Sprites, made in England, were sold under in the U.S. One model was the American Eagle 405 Talon  see Sprite
American Eagle
USA, Harley style clones, was founded in 1995
American Iron Horse
USA, Harley style clones, S&S engines up to 113"
American King V
USA, Sells kits and complete motorcycles using Chevy small block engines, up to 525 hp
American Quantum
USA, Harley clones
American Rocket
USA, 1950's, Indian engine
American X
USA,1910-1930, British Excelsior's were rebadged by the U.S. importer in Chicago because American Excelsior had the rights to the name
Germany, 1921 - 1925, AMI-Auto-Motoren-Ind. Berlin
Germany, 1923 - 1925 Ammon & Co. Berlin
Germany, 1920's and again in the 1950's
Spain, 1954 - 1965
Spain, 1967 - 1984
Germany, 1920's
Germany, 1949 - 1953 Sold in 1952 and moved from Bielefeld to Paderborn, produced until 1958
British Anzani Engine Co. a subsidiary of Anzani France, was established in 1912 in London. They made engines for airplanes, cars, motorcycles (up to 998cc), boats, and equipment. They when out of business in 1980
France, Engine builder
1901, Possibly the first "motorwheel" for bicycles
USA, 1907-1911, Thor engines
Speedway racers, JAP engines. Ludwig Apfelbeck 
Sweden, 1950's?, M Berlin & Co, Mopeds
is the second largest manufacturer in Europe. The made over 290,000 scooters in 1997.
USA, 1997, They make street legal flattrack type bikes using Yamaha 650 engines. They were AR Streetracker but are now called Robinson Streetracker
France, 1907 - 1934
Germany, 1922 - 1931
Germany, 1919 - 1958, Early models used 305 to 350cc two strokes and changed to around 350 to 1000cc JAP engines in the twenties. After WWII they used their own two strokes and later, engines and parts from Durkopp who bought them out in 1955, but still used the Ardie name
Germany, 1924 - 1927, Argeo Fahrzeugwerk Berlin
USA, 1957 - 1961, by C&E Manufacturing, small folding scooters 
was founded in England in 1898. Who hasn't heard of an Ariel Square Four The 997cc engine is a legend. Later taken over by BSA in 1940's and discontinued in 1965
Germany, 1923 - 1924, Aristos Motorfahrzeugwerke Berlin 
USA,1905, St. Paul, MN - 1906-1913, Chicago. Singles & V-twins. Sold to AMC
England, Armstrong manufacturing bought Cotton in 1980. In 1984 Armstrong bought the rights from the bankrupt Italian SMW company to build the SMW Tornado. The Armstrong MT 500 is used by the English, Canadian and Jordanian armies. 506cc Rotax engines
USA, 1909 - 1914, Chicago
Canada, Arrow Custom Cycle, Harley Clones
England, 1905
Ascot Pullin
England, 1928 - 1930
England, early 1900's
Italy, 1947 - 1958, Made by Virginio Fieschi with engines designed by Alfredo Bianchi 
Italy, 1931? 1933? - 1951, Used imported Arial engines
Italy, Small cc scooters. see Rizzato
USA, 1912, made by the Auto Trading Co.
became the second major American motorcycle company in 1983. They build a variety of off road bikes. Rotax engines. Joined in a partnership with VOR in 2001
Germany, autocycle early 1920's
England, 1921 - 1922, a three wheeler with two wheels in front, Villiers engine
USA, Was a small electric motorcycle produced in the 1970's
USA, Iowa, made small engines used for motor bicycles
USA, Illinois, Aurora Automatic Machine Co built their own Thor motorcycle and sold parts to other companies that assembled them and sold them as American, Emblem, Light, Rambler, Racycle, Warwick, Thor-bred, Thoroughbred, Reading-Standard, 
Australia, Aussi-Also
USA, 1868, Steam
Austria, 1903 - 1939
USA, 1901 - 1909, made by E.R. Thomas in Buffalo, NY.
Auto Car
1919-1924, Philadelphia, PA - 1925, Blossburg, PA - 1926, Detroit
Auto Cycle
USA, Not to be confused with the generic term "autocycle" which is used to describe a lightweight motor cycle with pedals
USA, 1921 - 1924, Autocylette Manufacturing and Sales Corp. Also sold as Pam
Germany, 1921 - 1923, Berlin
USA, 1914 - 1926, Scooters, made by the Autoped Company of America then became part of the American Ever-Ready Company. Some were sold as EverReady Autoped. They were designed by Hugo Gibson and for a short time, by Joseph Merkel who had built the Flying Merkel 
Holland, Early 1900's
France, 1930's
India, Monto Motors makes Mopeds and small motorcycles that are exported world wide. Recently started a joint venture with Renault 
USA, built by American Dirt Bike
USA, Makers of kit three wheelers using VW engines
Germany, 1949 - 1961, AWO Simpson

Babetta Mopeds made by Jawa
see Meier BAC
Baier Germany, 1924 - 1929, Baier-Motorenbau Berlin
Bajaj India, Started importing vehicles in 1948, started building two and three wheelers in 1959, has a partnership with Kawasaki
Bakker Holland, Makes frames and uses engines built by Yamaha, BMW, Harley, and others
France, Rotax engines
Barnsley England, late 1890's
Barr Steam powered
Bartali Italy
Germany, 1945 - 1955, Scooters, made by Einspur Auto
England, 1902?
Batavus Dutch, Started making bicycles in 1904 and small motorbicycles and mopeds from the 1930's to about 1984 
Battey USA, Sumpter Battey patented a rotary engine for a bicycle in 1895. It's not clear if any were built
Germany, 1923 - 1926
Bayley Flyer
USA, 1914 - 1917
Beard & Able USA
Australia, Malcolm Beare designed a "six stroke" engine based on the Ducati V-Twin.
Beau Ideal
England, 1904, Beau Ideal Cycle company. Used 3.5hp Fafnir engines
Be-Be Germany, 1924 - 1927, The Berlin-Burger EisenWerke in Berlin
England, 1898 - ? Beeston Cycle Co
Bellini Italy, Paolo Bellini, manufacturer of the Bellini engine for speedway racers
Italy, Started in 1911 by six brothers. They had many racing championships building both racers and street bikes. In 1948 Guisseppe Benelli broke away and started his own company called "Moto B" (Motorcycle Benelli) that later became Motobi. After Guisseppe died, the family bought Motobi. Benilli/Motobi was sold to Alesandro De Tomaso in 1971 (De Tomaso also bought Moto Guzzi about this time) and it built a six cylinder street bike called the 750 sei in 1972. In 1989 Benelli was sold to the Selci Corp. and they built only small cc scooters until 1996 when it was sold to Andrea Merloni. Merloni builts Benelli/Motobi scooters from 50 to 250cc and in 2001 introduced the Tornado 900 TRE and a racing version the WSB Tornado
Bercley Belgium, 1905 - 1909, Designed by Gustave Kindermann,they had a 616cc V-Twin engine in 1905 
Bergfex Germany, 1904 - 1909, Berlin
Dutch, small motorbicycles 
Bernadet France, Scooters
Beta Italy, Established in 1904
BFG France, 1980's, 1300cc Citroen car engine
Bianchi Italy, Started in 1897 by Eduardo Bianchi. Had a 650cc V-Twin around 1916, stopped motorcycle production in 1967
Bi-Auto-Go USA, 1913, an autocycle with a 323 cu in eight cylinder engine, resembled a two wheeled car with training wheels (outriggers) that retracted at speed, had a body w/doors and a motorcycle fender on the front wheel
Bi-Car USA, 1912 - 1914, Four cylinders, The Ner-A-Car used many of the aspects the Bi-Car
Big Brute Canada, API Racing builds motorcycles with Chevy V8 or V6 engines.
Brute with various engines sizes up to a  20hp, 570cc Briggs and Stratton V-twin
Big Buffalo
Germany, Manufactured by Güstrow Motocycle GmbH
uses a small block Chevy  V-8 engine. It is badged as an Indian
Big Dog
USA, Wichita, Kansas Big Dog® Motorcycles L.L.C. manufactures a line of 5 HD Clone cruisers with retail prices ranging from $18,900 to $26,900. (1999)
Binks English, Early 1900's
Bismarck Germany, 1904 - 1956
Bleha Germany
Germany, Bavarian Motorcycle Works (Bayerische Motoren Werke) started in 1923
Boar USA, Harley clones
Germany, 1925 - 1930, Built by Dr. Martin Bohme in Berlin
Czechoslovakia, 1920 - 1939, First motorcycle with electric starter
Boisselot USA, 1901 - 1903, The Boisselot Automobile and Special Gasoline Motor Company built engine kits for bicycles
Bond England, 1950's, Built Scooters
Boom Trikes
Germany, VW powered trikes
Italy, They make a 500cc single in 2000
Boss Hoss USA, makes 1100 lb Chevrolet 350 cu. in. V8 powered bikes
Bourget USA, Harley clones, S&S engines up to 126 cu. in.
Belgium, 1906 - 1930's 
USA, The Bowman Automobile in New York, may have produced motorcycles
England, 1913 - Taken over by Aberdale in the 1930's. Started by William Bown. Built the Aeolus and the Bown autocycle
Boxer France, Voxan
Blackburne English Engine manufacturer, quit making motorcycle engines in 1937.
Australia, 1919
Italy, Motorized scooters and minibikes
Germany, 1938
Blue Bird
Australian, 1920
BM Czechoslovakia, Speedway bikes
Germany, 1925 - 1930
Bombardier Can-Am motorcycles made in Canada. Rotax engines
Borile Italy, Started by Umberto Borile in 1988, their first motorcycle was the Piuma 520, a single cylinder, four stroke, 500 cc, off road bike
England, Bradbury and Co. were making sewing machines in 1852, they made their first motorcycle in 1904 the company closed in 1923
Germany, 1925 - 1930, made by Brand and Sohn in Berlin, also called B&S 
Brandenburg USA, 1901 - 1915 Thor engines
USA, 1905? Breeze Motor Company
Germany, 1902 - 1912, The Brennaborwerke in Brandenburg started making bicycles in 1893, motorcycles in 1902 and cars in 1908. Stopped motorcycle production in 1912 to concentrate on cars. Apparently Brennabors were made again around 1933 - 1940 but it is unclear to me if they were made in the same plant
Japan, 1949 - 1971, Displacements: 350cc, 200cc, 175cc, 100cc, 60cc, 50cc,  They began exporting to the U.S. in 1963, Rockford Motors of Rockford, Illinois was the original importer.
Briggs-Stratton USA, Bicycle engine kits
Motorcycles are made in New Zealand by John Britten. State of the art, extremely high tech. The 1998 Britten V1000 had a 999cc 60 degree V-Twin engine that put out 166 HP @ 11,800 RPM! and the bike only weighed 304 lbs.
Brondoit Belgium, 1924-1929
Brough-Superior England, George Brough started making motorcycles in 1921. Maybe the most coveted motorcycle ever made, it was called the Rolls Royce of motorcycles. Only about 1000 of them still exist. They used JAP, Motosacoche, Matchless, Barr and Stroud and other engines until 1935, from then on they used only Matchless motors. A perfect one will sell for upwards of $100,000. Almost every piece on them was hand made, nuts, bolts, fittings. What do George Forman and T. E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia) have in common? Forman named all of his kids George and Lawrence named all of his Brough-Superiors George. Lawrence had eight of them and was killed in 1935 on George VII. They stopped production in 1940
Brown England
B&S see Brand
England, Birmingham Small Arms company built weapons until around 1910 when they started making motorcycles. They made many well known models. "Gold Star", "Bantam", "Victor", "Royal Star", "Thunderbolt", "Lightning", "Firebird", "Rocket". They purchase Sunbeam around 1938, Ariel in 1944, then Triumph and eventually merge with Norton - Villiers to become Norton - Villiers -Triumph (NVT)
BSA Regal England, After the formation of NVT, William Colquhoun formed a company and got the rights to the BSA name around 1975 and made light weight bikes using Rotax, Yamaha and Morini engines. In 1991 this BSA Company was merged with Andover Norton International Ltd and in 1994 was bought by newly formed BSA Regal Group. They make the Gold SR 500 on a one off basis for individual customer orders only
Bucker Germany, 1922 - 1958, They made their own frames but bought most of the other components. Used engines made by Bekamo, Villiers, Blackburne, ILO, JAP, MAG, Columbus and others
USA, Eric Buell started putting Harley motors in roadrace type frames and selling them in the early 1980's.
USA, 1981 - 1990, The Buffalo Motorcycle Works Corp produced several prototypes for testing with 500, 750 and 1000cc singles in them. And some prototypes with 90cu in. V-twins. The Corp was dissolved before production started 
Bull Dog
Bullock Australia
Bultaco Founded in Spain by Francisco Bulto in 1958. Won many a world title
Butler Petrol-Cycle England, 1884 - 1896, Edward Butler patented a gasoline fueled two stroke twin tricycle and showed it at the Stanley Bicycle Show in 1884. For the next ten or twelve years he made improvements to his design, changing to a geared drive four-stroke water-cooled engine that ran at about 600 rpm. He is credited with inventing or developing the spark plug and coil ignition, magneto and the spray jet carburetor, as well as the word "petrol" His "Petrol-cycle" was broken up for scrap in 1896, the few remaining pictures of this first British motorcycle are in the Science Museum in London, England

Butterfield (Willis 4) USA, Late 1960's early 1970's, Butterfield owned Jacks M/C in Fresno California, a Ducati, MotoGuzzi , BMW Dealership, Willis worked with him in the mid 60's into the 70's. They built a complete motorcycle made to accept a 1500cc Volkswagen engine and used a BMW /2 transmission. The bike looked very much like a R60/2 BMW and was available as a kit or complete motorcycle. They are the best looking motorcycle I have seen that incorporated a VW engine. Apparently Butterfield and Willis had a falling out and a lengthy court battle ensued over the rights to the motorcycle and Willis won. Willis used a badge for them that said "Willis 4's"  it resembled the BMW badge so closely that BMW threatened legal action.. Willis died shortly after. Approximately 100 were built.

Cabri France, 1950's, Made by Bernadet, Scooters
Japan, 1954 - 1960
Italy, Started in 1950 as a small machine shop. They entered the motorcycle business in 1978 when they bought the Aermacchi factory from AMF-Harley-Davidson, Italy. They now own Ducati, Moto Morini, Husqvarna, MV Agusta and others
Califfo Italy
USA, California Motor Company of San Francisco started in 1901, in 1903 the Consolidated Manufacturing Company in Toledo, Ohio, bought the rights to the California motorcycle and made the Yale California
Capriolo Italy
England, 1909 - 1938, Calthorpe was owned by George Hands in Birmingham. Early models, used a 3.5hp White & Poppe engine. After WW 1 he used engines made by Villiers, JAP, Peco, Blackburne and Precision. Around 1925 they started making their own 348 overhead valve and 500 overhead cam engines. The Ivory model was introduced in 1928 and was built until 1935. They also made a "Speedway Special" racer
CanAm In 1974 the factory team won National motocross plates #1, 2, 3. and set a speed record at Bonneville of 136.5 MPH with a 125cc bike.
Canda USA 1901
Connecticut, USA, Started making bicycles in 1983. Made their first motoXer in 1999
Caproni Italy, Gianni Caproni started producing airplanes around 1908. Started making motorcycles in Arco after WWII until 1962. NSU engines?
Carabella Mexico, They used Jawa and Minarilli engines and also made their own two strokes. I think they are still made. They made a lot of mopeds and scooters as well as dirt  and small road bikes. I think the small scooters used Suzuki engines. I don't know if they built the other engines under license or if they imported them. They exported to the US
for a while around the 70's
Portugal, Started using Zundapp engines in the 1960's but now make their own
CCM Canada, 1908 - 1912, The Canadian Cycle and Motor Company modified their bicycle frames and inserted a 230cc Swiss Motosacoche engine 
CCM UK, Started in 1971 by Alan Clews, they make competition motocross, trail and supermoto bikes
France, produced bikes from 1951 - 1958
Centaur USA
England, 1899 - 1905? 1902 - 1905? 
Italy, 1928 - 1970
Champion USA, 1911 - 1917?, The Champion Motor Car Co. of St. Louis made a motorcycle much like the Militaire ( possibly under license from Militaire). It had a 1281cc inline four engine w/shaft drive
USA, Builds racing frames for Flattrack, TT, Speedway
Chater Lea
England, built motorcycles and many components used by other bicycle and motorcycle builders
Chell England, 1939, Chell Motor Company Ltd, Villiers 2 stroke enginesChiorda Italy, made bicycles and mopeds. Taken over by Bianchi
Italy, small cc motorcycles and mopeds
France, early 1900's, Made a bicycle engine kit. There was a subsidiary in the USA that sold engine kits and complete bikes
England, 1911 - 1914, Precision engines
USA, 1915 - 1929, Bought Reading Standard in 1922. Had a 996cc inline four in 1928
Cleveland USA, Harley clones
Clyno England, The Clyno Engineering Co. made motorcycles from 1910 until 1916 - 17?. The first models used Chater Lea frames and engines bought from the Stevens Brothers (later of AJS).
Cnopm Russia
Cobra USA, North Lima, OH. Makes small motocross bikes for kids
Cockerell Germany, 1919-1924
USA, Chicago, 1911, produced a board track racer
Comet Italy, 1950's
England, Early 1950's, Autocycles with Villiers engines
Swiss, 1901 - 1978, Built a Transverse flat twin, 680cc in the 1940's that was used by the Swiss Army
Confederate USA, Harley Clones 
Copeland Steam Motorcycle United States, 1885. Lucius Copeland put a steam engine on a Star (large wheel in front, small wheel in back) bicycle in 1885. Around 1888 he built a steam tricycle using the same type of engine. The engine and boiler of the Copeland steamer are in the Arizona Museum at Phoenix
Corgi UK, 1945, built by Brockhouse it was a civilian version of the Welbike
Coronet England, 1903. Coronet Motor Co.
Russian, It's actually a Dnepr that was imported to England by a company named Nevil and sold there, some were exported to the U.S.
Cotton 1920-1934 and again 1954-1964, Francis Cotton was an English racer who developed stronger frames than the usual bicycle frames of the time. He patented, and started building and selling his triangulated cross braced frames in 1914.
Coventry-Eagle Was a turn of the century (the twentieth, that is) English builder that used JAP engines and lasted into the late 1930's
Coventry-Victor England, 1918 - 1939, Built motorcycles and three wheelers but known mostly as an engine manufacturer 
Taiwan, Scooters and motorcycles
CP-Roleo France
Crawford USA, 1912, Michigan
USA, Crescent Auto Manufacturing produced a motorcycle engine in 1902. Western Wheel Works made the Crescent motorcycle in 1905 - 1906, I'm not sure if there is a connection  
USA, 1936 - 1941, Al Crocker worked for both Thor and Indian, then bought an Indian Dealership in L.A. In 1933 he debuted his 30.5c.u. modified Indian Scout engines and put them in frames that he built. They were raced successfully on Speedway tracks until the end of the 1934 season when JAP engined bikes started to dominate. He then concentrated on building street machines and built, amongst others, an 80c.u. V-Twin cruiser
Crosley England, Long time car maker, they stopped production of autos during WWII to work on the war effort. Around 1939 they were contracted to build both 2 and 3 wheeled motorcycles that were powered by pre-war Crosley opposed two cylinder, air cooled engines and were shaft drive. They also built small tracked vehicles 
Crouch USA, 1905 - 1908, 32.5cu single, belt drive
Hungary 1975
Italy, A bicycle engine kit made by Ducati
USA, 1902 - 1911 or 1912, The G.H.  Curtiss Manufacturing Co was started by Glenn Curtiss later of the Curtiss airplane fame. For the first few years they were called Hercules, then the name was changed to Curtiss in 1905.
Cushman The Cushman Motor Works of Lincoln, Nebraska, started building engines around 1902 and built complete motorscooters between 1936-1966. Sears sold them as Allstate from 1951 - 1961 They also imported and sold Vespa. They still make golf carts and industrial vehicles 
Poland, Started in 1932 building motorcycles, mostly for the army. They became Sokol in 1936. The factory was destroyed by the Nazis at the end of 1939 and production started again in 1947. Sokol was taken over by SLH in 1948 and stopped production in 1950 
Cyc-Auto England, 1934 - 1958, Cyc-Auto Limited built the first British autocycle (A bicycle that was manufactured with an engine attached)
England, 1950 - 1960 Built a complete powered wheel that was substituted for a bicycle's normal rear wheel.
Cyclemoto Peugeot
Cyclemotor Canada - USA, 1914 - 1925? Sold as Evans Powercycle in the later years. Cyclemotor is also a generic term for any add on engine for a bicycle
Cycles Delight
USA, Harley clones
Sweden 1910
Cyclone USA, The first Cyclone was introduced in 1912 or 1913 by the Joerns Motor Manufacturing Co. It had a 996cc V-twin designed by Andrew Strand that did very well in racing competition, but the company was only in business from 1912 to 1917
Cyclone USA, Harley Clones
Cyril Huze USA, Harley Clones
(Jawa) Frantisek Janecek started making motorcycles in 1929 in Czechoslovakia.

Daelim Korea, Started in 1962. They make around 300,000 scooters and motorcycles a year.
Germany, Gottlieb Daimler (not Otto) put a 1/2 horsepower, 1 cylinder, 265cc four stroke engine in a wooden chassis with wooden wheels and steel tires in 1885
Dalesman England, 1969 - 1974, Motocross bikes with Sachs engines
Day USA, Early 1900's, Kelcom engines
USA, Harley Clones using TP Engineering engines and Transmissions
England, 1913 - 1961, Dayton Cycle Co Ltd
USA, Dayton, OH 1914 - ? Manufactured a motor bicycle engine kit and a twin cylinder motorcycle 
De Dion Bouton France, 1890's?, Single cylinder tricycle in 1896, built engines for bicycles. A U.S. company in NY built engines under license
Della Ferrera
Italy, 1909 - 1948?
DeLong USA, 1901 - 1903, The Industrial Machine Co.
De Luxe
England, 1920's, Made by A. E. Bradford 
DeLuxe USA
Demm Italy, 1950's - 1970's?, Mopeds
Denali USA, Makes a line of electric motorcycles
Spain, started by Simeon Rabasa Singla as a bicycle repair shop in 1922. They built scooters and motorcycles up to 600cc. In 1987 they begin selling Kawasaki products and build primarily scooters. In 2000 they build and race a very well engineered 125cc motorcycle
Desperado USA, Harley Clones - Rev Tec and TP Engineering Engines
Diamant Germany
Diamond England, 1908 - 1928, then again 1930 - 1932, JAP, Barr & Stroud and Villiers engines. Designed by A.J. Dorsett 
Di Blasi Italy, 1974, Folding scooters
Didik USA, Frank Didik makes several solar vehicles including a solar, electric, human powered motorcycle called the Sun Shark it is capable of speeds up to 40 miles per hour. It has an enclosed body with retractable outriggers 
England, 1957 - 1966, Built scooters with Villiers engines, up to 175cc
DKW Germany, Motorenwerke Rasmussen started by J. S. Rasmussen in 1906. They were making a steam powered car in 1917 the " Dampf Kraft Wagen" (DKW) and their first motorcycles in 1919. in the 1930's they combined with Audi, Wanderer and Horch to form the Auto Union AG. They were at one time the worlds largest manufacturer. In the 1950's? they merged in the “Zweirad-Union” with Victoria and Express. That group was taken over by Sachs in 1965. They lasted until the sixties and closed down but still sort of live on through MuZ, even though Sachs owns the DKW name now.
D.M.W. England, Dawson's Motor Works started making grass track racers in the early 1940's. The company was sold and became D.M.W. Motorcycles Ltd around 1945. Used Villiers, JAP and AMC engines. Bought Ambassador Motor Cycles in 1965. Around 1971 they bought the jigs from Villiers to produce spare parts for Villiers engines, and stopped producing their bikes and scooters
Dnepr (KMZ - Kiev Motor Works) Russian, started in the 1950's
Dolf Germany
USA, Beam Manufacturing in Webster City, Iowa, produced this scooter from 1946 - 1949 and possibly again? or by someone else? from 1954-1958. Distributed by Gambles Hardware and Western Auto stores. 
Dot England, Started in 1903 by Harry Reed, was sold in 1932 when Bernard Wade took over the company and Wade's family runs it today, however now they only make Dot-Armstrong shocks
Douglas English, 1907 - 1957, Used by the military in WWI. Had some dirt track racing success in the 20's and 30's. Douglas was bought out by Westinghouse Brake & Signal who discontinued production to build scooters
D-Rad Germany, 1921 - 1933, made by "Deutsche Werke" Bought by NSU
Dream Toki Japan, They make 2 wheel drive on and off road bikes 
Driver USA
Drysdale Australian, They make a 750cc and a 1000cc V-8 engined street bike that has a 17,000 rpm redline and 19,000 rpm on their race motors
DS Malterre France
Duck USA
Duesenberg USA
Ducati Italy, started building complete motorcycles in 1950. 1958 was the first year for the desmodronic valve system. They have won the World championship many times with their water-cooled four valve per cyl. 996cc V-twin. It puts out 163 bhp at 11500 rpm. They are now owned by Cagiva
Dufaux see Motosacoche 
Dunstall England, Around 1964 Paul Dunstall started building complete motorcycles that were based on Nortons, much the way Eric Buell later did with Harleys. By 1979 he had built complete "Dunstall" Nortons, BSAs, Triumphs, Metisses, Hondas, Kawasakis, Suzukis, and Yamahas. The Dunstall organization became a victim of the decline in the motorcycle market at the end of the 1970's. Dunstall sold the name in 1982. It disappeared by 1985
Durandal France
Germany, Early 1900's to about 1958. They produced their own single, twin and four cylinder engines. They stopped motorcycle production around 1912 to about 1927, during this time they built only cars. They restarted making motorcycles but used mostly Sachs engines until around 1951 and there after used their own engines again, concentrating on scooters. In 1955 they bought Ardie, who they had previously been making parts for
England, Early 1920's, Some of them were successful in early hill climb competitions 
Dynacycle USA, 1949-1953, St. Louis, MO Sold 165cc engines

Eagle USA, 1913
Swiss, Used a full body fairing that enclosed the rider, BMW engine
USA, Ecstasy Cycles makes Chevy V8 powered trikes
eCycle USA, eCycle plans to release limited numbers of their hybrid motorcycle in 2002. It uses a 219cc Yanmar diesel engine and an 8kW brushless electric motor drive. They are still designing their own 125cc engine. The bike is supposed to get 180mpg with a top speed of 80mph and acceleration of 0-60 mph in 6 seconds
USA, E.J. Edmond designed and built a motorcycle in 1899 using a DeDion engine, he later went to work at Auto-bi. Oscar Hedstrom from Indian motorcycles called Edmond a motorcycle pioneer
USA, see Fleming
Electra USA, 1913, Electric
Electrobike USA, Electric mopeds
France?, Made several racing models in the 1980's using Honda engines
Elf England, Early 1900's also Elf-King
England, 1903 - 1920's, Elswick was a bicycle maker and made purpose built frames to attach Cyclemaster engines to. They later made complete motorcycles
USA, 1907 - 1925, Emblem Manufacturing Co. Used Thor engines until about 1909 then built their own singles and V-twins up to 1255cc
EMC England, Ehrlich Motor Co. Made racers and street bikes on and off from the 1930's to the 1990's
Erie USA see Marvel
Esarati Electric Technologies Corp. is developing a line of electric motorcycles in 2002
Czechoslovakia, 1950 - 1963, In 1950 Jaroslav Simandl bought the rights and all of the spare parts from Josef Linhart for the JOLI engine, which was a copy of a JAP engine. They made speedway and ice racers. Taken over by Jawa in 1964
Esse motorcycles were made in Sweden in 1913 by Monark. 
E-Ton Taiwan, The Ji-ee company makes scooters and small motorcycles
USA, 1919 - 1925, Evans Powercycle, was Cyclemotor
Excelsior England, 1896 - 1964
Excelsior Germany, 1901 - 1939, Excelsior Fahrrad Motorad-Werke in Brandenburg used JAP and other engines
USA, Excelsior Supply Co. started making motorcycles in Chicago in 1907 and was purchased by the Schwinn bicycle company in 1912. They made V-twin bikes up to 1000cc. see Henderson - see Super-X
Excelsior Henderson after Schwinn bought both Excelsior and Henderson motorcycle companies he called his motorcycle co. Excelsior-Henderson. see Henderson. To describe the Henderson fours built between 1911 and 1931 as the Rolls-Royce of motorcycles would be an understatement. The Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost may have dominated the Austrian Alpine Rally in 1913, but in the same year, a 1912 model Henderson had just completed circumnavigating the globe, a journey of over 18,000 miles, in ten months and the first motorcycle ever to do so. Over a period of almost two decades the Henderson continued to break both endurance and speed records. During the prohibition years it was the preferred patrol bike of U.S. Police Departments. The Henderson was without doubt, from beginning to end, the finest motorcycle in the world.
In 1999 the Excelsior-Henderson Motorcycle Manufacturing Company shipped its first bikes after purchasing the rights to the name. They filed for bankruptcy within two years
Exile Cycles USA, Harley clones
Germany, 1901 - 1959?, The name was acquired by Sachs in 1965
Eysink Dutch, Eysink at Amersfoort started in 1897. They made cars until 1920 and motorcycles until around 1956 and then made mopeds. Over the years they used JAP, Python, Villiers, Kelecom, Minerva, and Sarolea engines. Was bought by NVT in 1975

Fabianski Poland, 1936 - 1939
Germany, 1904, Fafnir-Werke was an engine builder
England, 1907, First motorcycle made by Douglas
This Italian company builds bikes for motocross and trials, where it has been a leading contender since it began in 1960
Far Italy, They make the Twip electric scooter
New Zealand, 1970's. Designed and made in New Zealand, using Suzuki parts
see AJS
England, The Co-operative Wholesale Society was founded in 1869 by a group of retailers and manufacturers as a way to buy large amounts of goods at a lower price. Around 1920 they started making motorcycles that were called Federation and Federal using JAP and Villiers engines. They stopped around 1937
Feilbach Limited
USA, 1904 - 1914, Used by the Milwaukee Police Dept.
Ferbedo Germany
Italy, 1951 - 1954, No connection to the car, made by Fratelli Ferrari 128 to 248cc 
Fichtel & Sachs
Germany, Engine builders
USA, 1911 - 1914, Inline four engine. Had a v-twin in 1914
Flandria Belgium, 1950's - 1981, Started by the Claeys brothers
USA, 1900. The Fleming Motor Vehicle Co. built engine kits for bicycles and produced a complete motorbike in 1901. Also sold as Ellis and Fleming and E&F
Flying Merkel
USA, 1901 - 1917, Was a small company started by Joseph Merkel in Milwaukee.  Sold as Merkel until 1910. Some had 1000cc Thor engines. Bought by the Miami Cycle Co. around 1911?. Merkel left the business with the sale and went to Autoped in 1913
Flink Motorcycles were powered by a Kurier two stroke engine and was the first motorcycle built by BMW in the early twenties
FN Walter Kelicom of the FN arms factory in Belgium began making motorcycles in 1901, offered a shaft drive in 1903 and made the first successful four-cylinder motorcycle in 1910
Francis-Barnett England, Gordon Francis and Arthur Barnett got together in 1919. The wheels they used were mounted on spindles and most used JAP, Blackburn, Villiers or AMC engines. It was taken over by Associated Motor Cycles (AMC) in 1947
Frera Italy, 1906-1956
Freras Italy, 1920's
Freyer & Miller
FSO Poland, Polish car maker that made a trail bike in the 1970's
Fowler Four
Fowler Manson-Sherman
Fuki Planning
Japan, Developed the first "Pocket or Minimoto bikes" in 1975

Gambler USA, Harley clones
(Agrati-Garelli) Italian, 1913. Small cc scooters
Gazelle Dutch, Bicycle maker that started making motorbicycles in 1950 and mopeds in 1954, they lasted until 1975 and now again produce only bicycles 
GD Italy, 1923 - 1942, Founded in Bologna by Ghirardi and Dallolio. The company was taken over around 1942 and manufacturing switched to wrapping and packing  machinery
USA, 1905 - 1906, The Gearless Motorcycle Co. Shaft drive with a variable friction transmission
Belguim, France 1927 - 1930, Gillet-Herstal bought French maker Gerkinet and made the Geco-Herstal
Gem MiniMoto
see Shin San Tong
USA, Manufactured by the Geneva Bicycle and Steam Carriage Co. in Geneva Ohio in 1896. It was front wheel drive and had the steam engine over the front wheel 
Gerhart Four
G&G Swiss, Started in 1983,  Makers of customs using Guzzi and BMW engines
Ghezzi & Brian
Italy, 1995, Ghezzi and Brian (Giuseppe Ghezzi and Bruno Saturno) formed a partnership in 1995 to create a racing motorcycle based on the Moto Guzzi power plant. They build a racer and a 1100cc street bike based around a Moto Guzzi engine
Giggle Tiawan, 1992, Folding gas and electric scooters
Gilera Italy, Founded in 1909 and was heavily involved in racing until the late 1950's. The company was sold to Piaggio in 1969 and they still make motorcycles and scooters using the Gilera badge
Gillet-Herstal Belgium
Gitan  Italy,1950 - 1980, Small mopeds, early ones used Lavalette engines
Germany, 1951- 1956, Built the Goggo Scooter with 120cc,125cc, 150cc and 200cc. Some came with a side-car
Italy, Giuseppe Marzotto builds Speedway racers and engines for Speedway and Ice bikes
Gnome Rhone
Godden Speedway racers
Germany, 1903 - 1960
England, 1901 - ? Bicycle builders Joseph and Thomas Gough built the Minerva Motor Bicycle in 1901, using a Gough frame and Minerva engine. They later built motorcycles using other engines
GrcMoto Italy, Minimoto racers
England, Started by Bert Greeves the company made street bikes, scramblers, road racers and trials bikes from 1953 until 1978. Early ones used Villiars engines
Greyhound USA, see Auto-Bi
France, 1905.  Won the first international motorcycle race in 1904. The name Griffon was used by Greeves in the 1960's and 70's
Grindlay Peerless England, 1920's - 1934
Gripen Sweden


HADC see Motosacoche 
Sweden, 1970's, Hagglunds, a large industrial manufacturer,  won a contract to build a military motorcycle. Husqvarna took over the production of the Hagglunds designed motorcycle

England, 1903 - 1914 Steam powered

USA. 1903-Today. Bankrumpt in 1969 and was sold to AMF in 1969, purchased back from AMF in 1981. America's second oldest motorcycle brand after Indian Motorcycles. America's longest running motorcycle company. See the whole huge history here
England, 1950's Scooters
USA, 1911. The Harper Engineering Co. built and sold a 45 degree V-twin engine for motorcycles
England, 1970's - 1980's, Cafe racer builders, using various Japanese engines
Haverford USA, 1911 - 1924 Haverford Cycle Co. 
Australia -Tasmania, 1903
England, 1920's
England, 1919 - 1923, Made by the Hill Brothers. Blackburne engines
Healing Austrailia, 1903. JAP and other engines. Rebadged as Mostyn, Bullock, De-Luxe, Blue Bird, Pearless, Big Four and more.
Heavy Duty
Canada, Donny Petersen builds custom Harley clones
England, 1922 - 1924, Hewins Engineering Company
England, 1938 - 1940, Hepburn Engineering Company. Used Levis engines
Germany, 1922-1956
Hedlund was a Swedish company 1955 to 1987
Hedstrom USA, Oscar Hedstrom built his first motorcycles around 1898. They were tandem seat motorcycles that were used to pace bicycle races. Also called Henshaw-Hedstrom. He later went on to establish Indian with George Hendee 
Germany 1952 - 1965, Started as an airplane manufacturer in 1922 - 1945. Started making scooters and mopeds around 1952
Helios Germany 1921-1922, was the first motorcycle made by BMW that used their own engine, a 486cc side-valve
Henderson Was started in Detroit in 1912 by Tom W. Henderson and his brother William G. Henderson, who later started Ace Motorcycles. They built mostly inline four engines up to 1340cc and was sold to the Schwinn bicycle company in 1917 and then marketed by Excelsior  which was also purchased by Ignatz Schwinn. Both bros continued to work for Excelsior, Tom until 1917 and Bill until 1920 when he left to Start Ace Motorcycles. In May, 1922 at the Tacoma Speedway, here in Washington where I live, a rider named Wells Bennet set a new 24 hour endurance record of 1,562.54 miles on a stock Henderson De-Luxe. The depression started in 1929 and Schwinn stopped all production of both Excelsior and Henderson in 1931
Hemingway USA
USA, 1902 - 1905?, The name Glenn Curtiss used for the first motorcycles he made. see Curtiss
Germany, made their first motorcycles in 1904. Taken over by Sachs in 1963. Sachs built bikes and sold Yamahas and other makes under the name Hercules until around 1995
Hercules W2000 Germany, Was the first production rotary motorcycle in 1974. It had a Wankel engine and was made by Sachs and was also sold as DKW because Sachs owned the name.
Hercules Australia
India, Started in the 1960's and became the largest bicycle maker in the world. They make small 100cc motorcycles and mopeds 
England, 1981 - 1983
H&G Australia, They build the Sporton, a Harley Sportster engine in a copy of a Norton featherbed frame
H & H
Sweden, 1997, They build a 950cc V-Twin dirtbike as one of their models
Hilaman USA, 1906 - 1912? The A.H. Hilaman Co.
Hildebrand and Wolfmuller In 1889, Heinrich and Wilhelm Hildebrand of Munich made a prototype motorcycle using with a small steam engine. After their prototype steam motorcycle, the brothers joined with Alois Wolfmuller to manufacture a design patented by Wolfmuller and Hans Geisenhoff in 1894. It is considered to be the first production motorcycle, it was made in both Germany and France until 1896. The engine was a twin cylinder, water cooled, four stroke with 1488cc. The pistons traveled together (firing alternately) with their connecting rods pushing cranks on the rear wheel, like a locomotive engine. The rear wheel acted like a flywheel and it used rubber bands to pull the pistons back up the cylinders. There are still many examples of the Hildebrand & Wolfmuller "Motorad" in the Deutsches Zweirad-Museum, Neckarsulm, Germany, the Science Museum in London, England and the Henry Ford Museum in Detroit
Hobart England, 1920's
was a Japanese/American company that started shipping bikes in 1964 and lasted about 16 years. They started the street/trail bike craze. They had some of the best model names like, Wombat, Combat Wombat, Super Rat, Road Toad and Thunderdog
Holden Motor Bicycle England, 1896 - 1902, Brig. Gen. Sir H.C.L. Holden had a four cylinder design in 1896. It used the same inefficient design that Pennington and Hildebrand Wolfmuller and others used with the connecting rods directly driving the rear wheel 
Holley USA,  In 1897 George and Earl Holley a single-cylinder three-wheeler. They started the Holley Motor Co. in 1899 to build engines and then started producing motorcycles around 1901 using Holly engines on frames made by the Olive Wheel Co. but stopped making motorcycles in 1903.
Horex (Horex-Columbus) Germany 
Honda Japan, Started by Soichiro Honda and was making motorbikes in 1946. Entered the U.S. market in 1959
HRD England, Started by Howard Raymond Davies in 1925, he won the 1925 Isle on Man Senior TT on one. Originally HRD created three racing models using JAP engines. The company went bankrupt in 1928. The name was later sold for the price of 500 pounds to Phil Vincent who produced the Vincent HRD 
Hudson England, (New Hudson) 1914, Used to deliver mail in England
Humber England, 1899, Built motorcycles and cars
Hummel Germany, 1965, built by DKW, only about 200 made
Hummer USA, 1948 - 1965, made by Harley-Davidson, first called the model 125. Hummer is the name usually associated with this line of bikes which had several different models. It was a copy of a German DKW. BSA made the same bike and called it the Bantam. The design was taken by the allies after WWII
Hunwick Hallam
is an Australian Superbike manufacturer. The Hunwick Hallam X1R has a high tech frame, carbon fiber components and a 1000cc V-twin engine that makes more that 170 hp at the rear wheel 
Hunwick Harrop Australia, They make limited production cruisers 
England, 1904 - 1943, established in by Sir John Hurley and Alaric Pugh. The Excalibur model had a 1212cc side valve single engine. They made a military model in the 1930's called the "Wildebeeste Cavalryman All-Terrain MkVIII" that had a single track in place of the rear wheel

Japan, 1953-1968, manufactured by Fuji Kogyo (Fuji Heavy Industries) . The engine was a 346cc overhead-valve single
Husaberg Sweden, Was started in 1988 by a group of former Husqvarna engineers and make top of the line off-road and enduro four stroke racers
Husqvarna Sweden, Started production in 1904 and was bought by Cagiva in 1986
Korea, 1978, affiliated with Suzuki


Ideal Jawa India, Started in 1961 in collaboration with Czechoslovakian Jawa Limited until 1968. Badges their motorcycles as Yezdi
Germany, Engine builder with plants in Hamburg and Pinneberg, the Hamburg plant was destroyed by allied bombing 
Germany, 1920's - 1930's
Imperial USA, 1902, Some had a 90 degree v-twin. They were made by American Cycle Manufacturing Co.
USA, Started in 1901 by George Hendee and Oscar Hedstrom in Massachusetts. They battled with HD on the race track and in the marketplace. The company was taken over by a British company called Brockhouse in 1950 and then combined into the English AMC group who stopped its production in 1953. Trademark name Indian was purchased in 1998 and again new Indian models were produced and Indian became a well known name. Unfortunately in 2003 due to unstable financial backing Indian again went bankrupt. This was unfortunate because the new Indian Motorcycles were outstanding. Again the Indian trademark name was purchased by a UK investment firm Stellican. Apparently they specialize in the revival of ‘heritage’ brands and plan to rebuild the firm from the ground up
Indian Enfield England, With the end of production of the "real" Indians in 1953, Brockhouse/AMC started selling Enfields as Indians until 1959 or 1960
Industrial USA, 1903, Syracuse, NY
Invincible Australian, 1920's, JAP engines
Irbit Russian built, also sold as Ural
Island Hopper USA, Manufacture fold up bicycles with electric or Tecumseh Viper 2 hp gas engines
Italy, Mini bikes, scooters, motorcycles
Italvel Italy, Electric scooters
1907-1915, Fitzburg, MA., up to 1090cc V-Twin
IWL Germany, 1955- Industrie Werk Ludwigsfelde built scooters
Russian, Started in the 1930's
Izh Iran, The Izhroosta Co.


JAC Czechoslovakia
James England, Started in 1902 and was very successful until the 1920's when their factory burned. Taken over by AMC around 1960 and continued in limited production until around 1964 -1966
James A Smith England, 1904
J.A. Prestwich of London manufactured engines from 123cc to 1098cc which were used by many motorcycle builders. JAP built their own motorcycles from 1904 to 1908, from then to 1945 they built only engines
Jawa CZ
JB Special USA, 1950
Jefferson USA, 1913? see Waverly
Jewel USA, 1908?
Jing Shing
Taiwan, Scooters
Joerns (Joerns-Thiem) USA, 1911 - 1916 Fred Joerns from  St. Paul, Minn. bought the Thiem Mfg. Co. from  Edward A Thiem around 1911 and it became the Joerns-Thiem Motor Mfg. Co. They built the Thiem motorcycle and the Cyclone which was sold as made by the Joerns Motor Mfg. Co. see Cyclone
Johnson Motowheel USA, 1918 Bicycle engine kits
England 1901
see ESO
Taiwan, 1997, Scooters
Juckes England, 1902 - 1925, T. C. Juckes owned the Efficient Engineering Company, they built their own engines and gearboxes
Junak Poland, 1954 - 1965, Closed due to pressure from the USSR, who's grand plan said that motorcycle production should be left to the USSR, East Germany and Czechoslovakia
Junior Canada, 2001 to Today. Large production custom builder. Largest V-Twin motorcycle in production 2150cc. Uses 80% of their own parts.

Kaestner Chicago
Kahena Brazil, 1991
Kane Pennington USA, 1895
England, They make V-6 and V-8 Chevy and Ford powered bikes
Kasea Korean
Kanuni Turkey, This company started importing MZ's in 1987, after MZ became MuZ the old plans and machinery were shipped to Dudullu, Istanbul and are sold as Kanuni
Kawasaki started producing motorcycles when they bought out Meguro in 1963. Their first Model was the W1 (K1) Introduced in 1965 and sold in the U.S. in 1966, the W2 in 1967 and the W3 was last produced in 1974. It had an Air-Cooled , 4-stroke, Twin OHV 496cc engine mounted in a double-cradle frame. It was a copy of a BSA A7 
Keating USA, 1901 , Keating Wheel and Automobile Co
Kendal England, 1927 Scotts that were modified and rebadged and then sold as Kendal or Kendal Scotts
England, 1919-1924 A small scooter with around a 150cc engine and a variable speed drive 
Kent Australia, 1910 - 1920
USA, 1910-1914, Used Waverly engines
Kerry England, Belgium 1902 - 1914, Kerry made motorcycles and sidecars. There was also a Kerry-Abingdon made in conjunction with Abingdon motorcycles. May have been a Belgium made motorcycle but sold by the East London Rubber Co., who marketed many products by catalogue 
Germany, Was a tracked military motorcycle that was conceived by Heinrich Kniepkamp. Most were produced by NSU
USA, Early 1907 - 1912, Kiefler Motor Works had a 5hp single in 1909
Kievlyanin Russia
USA, A one off electric motorcycle built for drag racing. It set a world record for electric powered bikes in Aug. of 2000 with a run of 9.45 seconds at 152.07mph. The battery powered motor uses 624 batteries that put out 312 volts and 3600 peak amps. A new more powerful one is under construction in 2002
India, 1972, Mopeds to 124cc Motorcycles in partnership with Hyosung 
Kirby Special English racer Alf Hagon built light weight racers with JAP engines, he won eleven national titles with them
Kirkham USA, 1903. Kirkham Motor Manufacturing Co. Built engines for the first Curtiss Hercules motorcycles and produced a limited number of complete motorcycles
KMZ Dnepr
Kobas Spain, 1970's - 1980's, Racers using Rotax engines
Kodiak USA,. 1999, Custom Harley Clones
Koehler Escoffier France
Kokomo USA, Kokomo, IN
Komar Poland, 1960 - 1974
Korea, Korea Special Small Motors started making three wheeled scooters and utility scooters in 1988
Italy, builds competition motocross bikes
Krauser Germany
Kreidler started making bikes in 1951 in Germany and stopped in 1983. Garelli rebadged some of their small cc bikes as Kreidler until around 1988
Kreidler Florett Holland, They have four models that are produced in limited numbers. A Taiwanese company also makes a line that uses the name
KTM Austrian, Hans Trunkenpolz started a motorcycle sales and repair shop in 1934 selling DKW's. Introduced their first production series of KTM motorcycles in 1953. They won the first 5 places in the 2001 Paris to Dakar Rally
Kulture USA, 1909 - 1917, The Deninger Cycle Co. perhaps made their own motorcycles or just rebadged others such as Manson and Emblem with the Kulture badge
Kumoto started in 1997, they are assembled in China with engine parts imported from Honda
Kurier Germany, In 1920 Kurt Hanfland developed an engine called the Kurier that was used BMW's Flink motorcycle and others
Kymco Taiwan, Made their first bikes in 1970, Kymco is one of the world's largest manufacturers of Scooters and Motorcycles. They are also assembled under license in Argentina and sold as ISMA

Lady Belgium 1924 - 1939?Rudge, Villiers, JAP engines. Also built Speedway bikes
La Foudre
La Mondiale Belgium, 1923 - 1934
La Ray
USA, 1940's? La Ray Powercycle was a motorized bicycle
Laurin and Klement
Austria, Early 1900's (1899? - 1908?)
Italian, Founded in 1949 by Francisco Laverda. Huge name around the world for fine motorcycles.
Lea Francis England, 1911 - 1937
LDE England, 1951
Poland, 1929 - 1932
Lectraa USA, 1995, makes electric motorcycles powered by a brush-less Variable Reluctance "VR" motor that has no magnets. Made by Electric Motorbike Incorporated (EMB) 
LEM Italy, They make high end mini dirt bikes and off road racers for kids, since 1974
German Panthers were badged as Leopard's when they were sold in England because Phelon & Moore (P&M) owned the rights to the Panther name in England
Levis England, 1911 Built motorcycles and sold engines
Lewis USA
Light Thor-Bred
see Aurora 
USA, V-8 trikes
Japan, see Marusho
Lincoln Elk England
Italy, 1970's, The Linto 500 racer used two Aermacchi 250cc engines that were coupled together
Construction between 1935 - 1963 by Steveninck & Sons , Alost (Aalst) in Flanders - Belgium. Also manufacturing of bicycles.
Speedway bikes and engines
Little Giant
England, 1913 - 1915
Austria, 1950's
USA 1970's, mini-bikes
USA, 1880, steam tricycle
Lot Poland
Poland, 1938 - 1939

Mabeco Germany
see Motosacoche 
Maico Germany, 1933 - 1987
Netherlands, Started production in 1999 or 2000? They make a 250, 380 and 500cc dirt bike and scooters
Majestic England, 1935, part of OK-Supreme
Malaguti Italy
Malanca Italy, 1956 - 1986 
Maltby USA, 1901? - 1903, Maltby Automobile and Manufacturing Co
Malvern Star
Australian, 1938 - 1952, Autocycle or Auto-bike as the Aussies call them. Some had 98cc Villiers 2 stroke engines  
Manco USA, Mini bikes
Czechoslovakia, started making bikes in 1947
USA, 1905? - 1908?, Chicago, Thor engines
Mars England, 1920 - 1923
USA, 1900 - 1905, see Metz
Martinsyde England
Japan, 1950 - 1967, Marusho Motorcycle Industrial Co was started by Masashi Ito, who is recognized as one of the pioneers of the Japanese motorcycle industry. Most models were sold as Lilac. They made a 500cc flat twin with shaft drive that was copied after a BMW/ 2 engine that was sold as both a Marusho ST and a Lilac R92 in the 1960's
Marvel USA, 1910 - 1913, The
Marvel Motorcycle Co. was started With Glenn Curtiss as one of the major partners. It was the successor of the Motorcycle Equipment and Supply Co. that built the "Mesco" engine kits and complete motorbikes in 1905 and in 1906 through 1909 used the name "Erie".   see Curtiss
Mas Italy
Matchless Started 1899 in England. Became AMC and then Norton Villiers
USA, 1916 - 1920
MBK France, Scooters
MBS Germany, they make a 650cc sport in 2001
MCC USA, Minneapolis Custom Cycle, Harley clones
England, 1925-1929, Built by Michael McEvoy. They used Villiers, Anzani, JAP, and Blackburne engines ranging from 172cc to 998cc 
McKenzie England, 1920's?
USA, 1904 - 1906, Meadowbrook Cycle Co.  
Mears USA, 1901 - 1903, The Mears Cycle Machine Co. built engines and possibly complete bikes 
Germany, Chev V-8 bikes
Megola Germany, Had a racer with a 640cc, 14hp 5cyl engine mounted so that the front wheel rotated around it. Designed by Friz Cockerel the front wheel was geared so that it spun six times slower than the crankshaft. The were push-start only. Around 2000 were made between 1921-1925
Meier BAC France, 1925 - 1938, Louis Bac built the BAC as a pace motorcycle for bicycle track races in 1925. The design was later improved and called the Meier BAC using a 2400 cc OHV V-twin
Japanese, Meguro first started producing motorcycles back in 1909 and modeled its K1 after the BSA A7 as a replacement for their single cylinder Meguro Z7. In 1960, Meguro Works entered into a deal with Kawasaki Aircraft Co. Ltd., and merged in 1963. The K1 was developed and produced by Meguro, but it was sold by Kawasaki Motor Sales Co.
Meray Hungary, 1920 - 1936
France 1950 - 1965
Mercury England, Mercury Industries started making bicycles in 1947. They started making small cc Villiers powered motorcycles in 1956, added a Villiers powered scooter in 1957. All production stopped in 1958
Merkel USA, 1901 - 1910, Joseph Merkel built motorcycles and motor wheel attachments called the Merkel Wheel and later the Merkel Motor Wheel see Flying Merkel
Merkel Motor Wheel
USA, 1916 -1918, The Merkel Motor Wheel Co. Inc. built an engine that came with a replacment rear wheel, fuel tank, brake and fender. Bought by Hendee (Indian) around 1919
USA, 1905, Made an engine kit for bicycles and a few complete motorbikes. see Marvel
USA, Early 1900's, Charles Metz started the Waltham Manufacturing Co. in Waltham, Mass. that made bicycles and produced Orient motorcycles from 1898 to 1904 using Astor engines. He left Waltham in 1902 and started building Metz motorcycles and joined in a partnership with Marsh motorcycles around 1905 and created the American Motorcycle Co. in Brockton Mass. to make the Marsh-Metz also known as MM. Waltham became known as the Metz Car Company.
M.G.C. (Marcel Guiguet) France, 1929-1936. About 250 were produced. Some of them had a dash with a speedo, clock, and amp and fuel gauges. Could be ordered with up to 600cc JAP engines
Miami USA, Early 1900's, Miami Cycle Co. The Miami Power Bicycle
see Minneapolis
Michaux-Perreaux Steam Velocipede
France, 1868-1869.
Micro-Machine Brazil, they make a motorized bicycle and a small scooter called the Walk Machine with a 37 cc motor
Midget Bicar England - USA, 1904 The Midget Bicar was made in the U.S. only in 1908 - 1909
France, Started developing its first bike in 1992, they use a water cooled 900cc flat twin engine that makes 90 hp
Miele Germany 1953 - 1962, They make one of the worlds best vacuums now
Militaire USA, 1911 - 1917, In 1911 The Militaire Auto Co. made what they called, a two wheeled auto that had an aluminum body and had outriggers. It soon lost the body and went through a series of reorganizations and company names. In 1917 they became the Militor Corp. and dropped the Militaire name in favor of Militor. After several more company name changes, production of the Militor stopped somewhere around 1924  
USA, 1917 - 1924
USA, Harry Miller, famous as engine builder and designer in American race car circles in the first half of the twentieth century, mounted a single cylinder engine on a bicycle frame around 1895. Maybe the first gas powered motorcycle in the U.S. 
Italy, They built a 50cc grand prix racer and other small cc bikes
Belgium, 1901 - 1909, Minerva made their own motorcycles, bicycle engine kits and sold engines to other motorcycle builders. In England, bicycle builders Joseph and Thomas Gough built the Minerva Motor Bicycle in 1901, using a Gough frame and Minerva engine
Mini-Motor England, A bicycle engine kit
USA, 1908 - 1913
Minsk Poland, I think that this bike was originally a DKW and was moved to Minsk, Belarus in 1945 by the Soviets. They also make models called Motobeno and Regent for export
Mirage Canada, Harley clones
Italy, Mopeds
MM Italy, MM - 'Morini Mezetti' The company was started by Mario Mezetti (1895) and Alfonso Morini (1898) in 1924. Alfonso actually raced on an MM himself and won a class in the 1927 Italian Grand Prix at Monza.
In 1937, Alfonso started his own company (Moto Morini). At first with
motorized tricycles (front of a motorcycle, rear a small truck). During the war they were forced to produce aeroplane parts and in 1943 the factory was destroyed by allied bombs. MM closed down in 1964. (special thanks to Tony Kersbergen - Dutch Morini Club)
France, 1950's
Malaysia, has a partnership with Kawasaki 
Moj Poland, 1937 - 1939

USA, 1912 - 1915, Formerly Reliance motorcycles, the Ives Motorcycle Corp which purchased Reliance was never financially successful. They produced motorcycles and sold complete engines to some small car makers and sold their last bikes in 1915. They had a 10hp V-twin in 1913
Swedish, 1913-1926, Sold as "Esse" then changed to the Monark name 1927-1975
Mon-Auto USA, 1915 - 1920, The Gibson Mon-Auto Company made a 2.5hp mini-bike designed by Hugo Gibson who had also made the Autoped. Also called Gibson Mon-Auto
Italy, Started in 1948, winning many championships. Went down hill in the 1960's. The name was brought back in 1997 in Argentina,  But I think the name is owned by Italy's KL Motorcycle who sells a scooter (maybe built in Argentina?) using the Mondial badge
Monet-Goyon France
England, 1902 - 1939
Montgomery-Ward USA, Sold motorcycles made by Benelli and Gilera and in the 1960's.
Montesa Spanish, started in 1944
Monotrace France, Autocycle 1920's
Moore USA, 1917 Autocycle
Morbidelli Italy,Giancarlo Morbidelli made limited production grand prix racers in the 1970's. They now make a 848cc water-cooled V-8 production motorcycle that makes 120 hp @ 11,000 rpm
Morgan England 1930's Three wheeled, 1100cc Jap engines 
Morgan USA, 1901 - 1902, The Morgan Motor Co. made engine kits for bicycles
Italy, Morini Franco Motori has been making engines for many companies since 1954Morini Mezetti - 'MM' - Italy, The company was started by Mario Mezetti (1895) and Alfonso Morini (1898) in 1924. Alfonso actually raced on an MM himself and won a class in the 1927 Italian Grand Prix at Monza. In 1937, Alfonso started his own company (Moto Morini). At first with
motorized tricycles (front of a motorcycle, rear a small truck). During the war they were forced to produce aeroplane parts and in 1943 the factory was destroyed by allied bombs. MM closed down in 1964.
(special thanks to Tony Kersbergen - Dutch Morini Club)
USA, 1902 - 1903, Joshua Morris started building and selling engines around 1900 then joined with Thomas Corkhill to form the Morris and Corkhill Motor Cycle Co. Also known as M.C.
Swiss 1905
Moskva Russia
Mostyn Australia, 1920's, Mostyn Cycle Works
Moto B
Italy, see Benelli
Motobecane (Motoconfort) France 1923 - 1983 
MotoBi Italy, see Benelli 
Motoconfort France, Made by Motobecane
Moto Gori Italy, 1971
Moto Guzzi Italy, Born in 1920 when blacksmith Giorgio Ripamonti and Carlo Guzzi built their first motorcycle. oday, Moto Guzzi, part of the Aprilia group, has launched the new V11 Sport Rosso Mandello. This is the fruit of the combination of tradition and innovation which has always characterized products bearing the Mandello eagle and represents the birth of a legend unequalled in the history of motorcycling. Read more of Moto-Guzzi History here
Motom Italy, 1947 - 1972
Moto Martin
Moto Morini Founded in 1937 by Alfonso Morini in Bologna/Italy. In the 50s and 60s, mainly 175cc and 125cc 4 stroke singles were built. The company was very successful in racing. In 1963, Tarquinio Provini was short of only 2 points to become world champion on the companies 250cc single. This bike is still considered "the world's fastest 250 single". Alfonso died in 1969 and his daughter Gabriella took over. Under her management the famous 350 V-twin was built in 1973. From this engine, 500cc and 250cc V-twins and also 125/250cc singles were developed. Engines were designed by Franco Lambertini1. Trouble with the unions, made Gabriella sell the company in 1986 to Cagiva. Cagiva had no funds to develop new Moto Morini models and in 1992 the
factory was closed. In 1998 the brand name Moto Morini was sold to 'Franco Morini Motori'2; a
company which mainly produced 2-stroke 50cc engines for other companies. This company was founded back in 1954 by Franco Morini, a cousin of Alfonso. In 1999 Franco Lambertini joined the newly founded company Moto Morini SpA, which became a family company once more. In secret
development of a new engine was started and in December 2003, cooperation (on a 50/50 basis) with the Berti family was announced. One year later, in December 2004 two new bikes were presented at the Bologna motor show: the Corsaro 12003 and the 9½4. Production started in April 2005. (special thanks to Tony Kersbergen - Dutch Morini Club)
Motopede New Jersey, Made by George Wacker 
Swiss, 1904 - 1924?, Sold complete motorcycles and engines. They had facilities in Italy, where Guiseppe Gilera apprenticed, and in England where they made the Alp
Swiss, The French born Henri and Armand Dufaux brothers built their first bicycle with a removable engine of their design in 1895 in Geneva and started H&A Dufaux & Co in 1899. In 1903 they founded the Company "Motosacoche SA" to produce and sell engines to pay for their real passion with aviation. They built airplanes and a helicopter
prototype with a twenty cylinder engine which lifted off of the ground in 1905. They sold motorcycles using the name Dufaux and HADC (for their companies initials) and built and sold the MAG engine. The company closed in 1956
Spain, 1957 - bought by Yamaha around 1983 and closed
Moto-villa Italy
Was a short lived attempt to bring Maico back
Germany, 1966, has a Buell looking sport bike called the Mammut 2000 that has a transverse, in-line four, dohc engine with 2000cc and 260 hp 
Mustang USA, 1946 - 1965
MuZ came after WWII and the mess we left in Germany with the Soviets controlling half of the country. Was DKW, Izh, IFA-DKW, MZ and finally MuZ after the fall of the wall ....I think? 
MV Agusta owned by Cagiva
MZ Germany (Motorrad-und Zweiradwerk) Was started in 1956 when the Soviets dismantled DKW. In 1992, after reunification, private investors restarted the MZ production.

Narcisse France, 1950 - 1953
Nelk USA, 1946-1948 
Neracar USA, 1922 - 1928, Made by the Ner-a-car corporation in Syracuse NY. Was designed by Carl Neracher who had worked as designer for Cleveland motorcycles. It was also produced in England until 1926
New Courier England, Built a powered three wheeler in 1899.
New Era England
New Hudson
England, early 1900's, New Hudson Ltd. The New Hudson badge was used on motorcycles and autocycles off and on until 1958
New Imperial Early British Co. bought by Triumph
Niemen Poland, 1934 - 1939
Denmark, 1934 - 1960, Made by Fisker & Nielson. They were the first motorcycle to use a telescoping front fork
Nioga USA, 1903 The Nioga Cycle Works possibly produced a motor bicycle
Iran, started in 1985. They make scooters and small cc motorcycles. Their top of the line is the Nami - CG125 P with a 124cc 4 stroke single
Norman England, 1938 - 1964, Norman Cycles Ltd.
Norsman USA,
James Norton Started in 1901, combined with Villiers and Triumph to become NVT. Norton reemerged in 1998 as Norton Motors International. First new Norton Motorcycle the 2005 Norton 952 Commando goes into production in 2004 and faithfully lives up to the Norton image.
NSU Germany, 1901 sold in 1957
NUT English, 1910 to about 1930. Newcastle-Upon-Tyne used JAP engines
NVT (Norton, Villiers, Triumph) The group that was formed when "Manganese Bronze Bearings" took over both Villiers in the early 1960's and AMC in 1966 they also had the rights to Eysink, BSA, Ariel and others. It was an attempt to keep the British motorcycle industry alive. It came apart in the 1970's and the government temporarily bailed them out
Nzeta New Zealand, They make scooters


Oakes USA
OD Germany, 1920's. Built by Willi Ostner in Dresden, Ostner Dresden, OD. Used MAG and other engines
OEC  England, 1900 to 1954, Osborn Engineering Company.
OK England, early 1900's, Became OK-Supreme
Okay USA,1916 - 1917, Built a motor wheel for bicycles
England, 1927 - 1946
England, Frank Parkyn built a few motorcycles in the early 1900's and then stopped until 1919. Built motorcycles using the New Courier name in 1922 closed in 1923
Olympus Japan
Omega England, had a factory in Hillfields in 1909. Designed by A.J. Dorsett 
Opel built motorcycles long before GM took them over
Orbit England, 1919 - 1924, Used Blackburne, Bradshaw and their own engines. Designed by A.J. Dorsett 
Orient Orient-Aster see Metz
Orionette Germany, 1921 - 1925
Orle Poland, 1933 - 1934
England, 1950's, A prototype scooter, never put into production
Spanish, 1951 - 1985. One of the most charismatic motorcycle manufacturers in the history of Spanish motorcycles.
Over Japan

Pacer Italy, Mopeds
USA, 1921 - 1924, Made by the Autocylette Manufacturing and Sales Corp.
English, 1900-1967.
Panther Germany, 1933 - 1955
Panzer USA, Organized in 1996, Harley Clone custom bike maker that uses The "Neo-Pan" a redesigned engine that resembles a Pan Head
England, 1881, Steam tricycle
Parilla Italy, started after the second world war until the late 1960's
Patee USA, 1901 - 1902 The Patee Bicycle Co. tried their hand at motorcycles after buying Joshua Morris' (Morris-Corkhill) engine business, but it was short lived
Patria Spain, 1928 - 1936
USA, Custom scooters
Peerless USA, 1913 - 1916, Boston, They had singles and v-twins 
Peerless SD USA, see SD
England, 1905, made by Bradbury and Co.
PEM USA, 1911 - 1912 Waverly Mfg Wisconsin
Pen Nib
England, 1919 - 1925, Made by H. W.  Boulton, they used Royal engines
Pennington United States and England
Penton The innovative design and development of this machine began in 1967 and stayed at the forefront for the next ten years till 1977. The following year the motorcycle reappeared bearing a new name that is still recognized to this day as one of the leading brand names in the world of motorcycling and that name is KTM. (http://www.pentonusa.org)
Peraves Swiss, They make a bike that is fully enclosed, with retractable outriggers and uses a BMW engine
Perkun Poland, 1938 - 1939
France, 1902 - 1980
PGO Taiwan, Scooters
Phoenix USA
Phoenix England, Early 1900's, Phoenix Motor Cycle Works
England, 1950's Scooters with Villiars two stroke engines
Netherlands, The Vespa and Gilera
Piatti England, 1957. Designed by Vicenzo Piatti and made by Cyclemaster. Scooters
Pierce USA, 1909 - 1914, George Pierce, owner of the Pierce Arrow Automobile Company, and the Pierce Bicycle Company, started making the Pierce Four motorcycle in 1909. A single cylinder model was added in 1910. 
Pigon Japan
Pioneer Royal Pioneer
Pirate Milwaukee Motorcycle Co, early 1900's
P&M Phelon & Moore sold some of their Panthers in Europe using this name because of the German Panther. They also made models called Panthette, Red Wing, Red Panther
PMZ Russia, 1935 - 1939
Podkow (Podkowa) Poland 1938 - 1939, Villiers engines
Polaris Makers of the Victory
Polini Italy
Pope USA, 1911 - 1918, They had a 998cc v-twin in 1914
Powell USA, 1937
Speedway bikes
Praga Czech, Had a 500cc DOHC engine in 1927
England, 1908 - 1910? Started as the Hillman and Herbert Cycle Co. and later became the Premier Cycle Co. Began making motorcycles in 1908 using White and Pope engines.  They were purchased by Singer in 1920
Precision England, 1912 - 1920, made and sold engines and produced at least one model of their own motorcycle. 
Pro 1 USA, Harley clones
Poland, 1966 - 1974, Made by PZM
1898 - 1903, P.T. Motor Co. 
Puch Austrian, Established in the 1890's and made their first motorcycles in the 1920's.
PZInz Poland, 1930 - 1939, Built motorcycles and sold engines.

Quadrant England.
Quantel England
Quasar England. 1977-82. Designed by Malcolm Newell, this feet-forward motorcycle had a car-type roof and body, without doors. Used a 750cc, four-cylinder engine and four-speed gear box. Later version called a Phaser, used a six-cylinder Kawasaki engine.

Rabbit Japan, 1946-1968, scooters, built by Fuji Heavy Industries. Had engines up to 250cc. Fuji also built the Hurricane motorcycle from about 1953 to 1968 
Rabiniek Germany, 1930's - 1958, Sachs engines
France, 1920's, JAP engines
Radco 1913-32.Small bikes. Started again 1954-56 as Radnall. Made a minibike in 1966.
Rambler England, 1950s Rambler was the name Norman autocycle used on exported bikes
France, 1946 - 1962, They had BMW "Boxer" style opposed twin engines of their own manufacture  
Reading Standard
USA, 1905? Early models used Thor engines. Bought by Cleveland motorcycle in 1922, Cleveland sold the last Reading Standard in 1923.
Racycle USA, 1900's Miami Cycle Co. Thor engines 
Raleigh England, Their first motorcycle was a bicycle frame with a 2 HP German Schwan engine built in 1899. T
Raynal England, 1936 - 1950,  Autocycles with Villiars "Junior" engines 
Belgium, 1920s, NV Ready Motor Co
Red Horse
USA, Harley clones
USA, The Regas Vehicle Company built it's first motorcycle around 1900 using a DeDion engine. Before they stopped making motorcycles in 1903 they also used Patee and or Fleming engines
USA, In 1903 the Reliance was Introduced by the Empire Motor Cycle Co., which soon changed to the Reliance Motor Cycle Co. The company had financial problems in 1911 and was purchased by it's former director Willis Ives. Ives restarted the production of motorcycles in 1912  under the Monarch name. see Monarch
France, closed in the early 1960's
Rex (Rex Coventry) England around 1904, joined with Acme of England around 1922 and became Rex-Acme
Reynolds Special See Scott
R&H England, 1922 - 1925
England, 1957 - ? made mostly dirt bikes using their frames and other manufacturers engines
Ridley USA, They make 3/4 scale bikes that look like a Harley and use 465 to 570cc V-Twin engines and an automatic transmission that their ads describe as "Gas & Go. There isn't a clutch to mess with or shifter to be confused by." How convenient, I always get confused by that pesky shifter
Riedel Germany
Japan, 1930's
Rieju Spain
(Rukuo?) Harley sold manufacturing rights to the Japanese Sankyo Pharmaceutical Company around 1929. They built flathead Japanese Harleys for a short while from design details supplied by HD
Riley England, 1896 - 1908, Riley Cycle Co. Ltd. was founded in 1896 and produced a powered quadricycle, and a tricycle, both called Royal Rileys' in 1899. Their first purpose built motorcycle was in 1903, using an engine of their own design. Motorcycle production stopped in 1908? and bicycles ceased by 1911, so the company could concentrate on auto production
Riotte USA, 1895, Carl Riotte designed a small kerosene burning engine that was attached to a bicycle
Italy, 1978
see AR
France, Race chassis builders
Rockford USA, 1972 - 1975, sold models called Chibi, Taka and Tora   see Bridgestone
USA, They have their first prototype done, the RV500cc two stroke, it has 102hp and weights 325lb
Rokon USA, Started making 2 wheel drive bikes in the late 1950's
Made by Allright
Rollaway USA, Rollaway Co. 1919 - 1921, made bicycle engine kits 
Romet Poland
England, 1901 - 1905
Roper (steam) USA, 1867, Made by Sylvester Roper, it was probably the first motorcycle. Made about the same time as the Michaux-Perraux in France.  The coal fired steam engine unit is part of a specially built chassis rather than an add-on and had no pedal crank. Roper also built a four wheeled "steam carriage" and exhibited both at fairs and circuses for a number of years. He suffered a heart attack while riding one at a show in 1896 and died. One is in the Smithsonian Museum
Rossija Russia, 1903
Rotax Austrian engine builder
Roto Gannet England, 1971 Rotary
Roton Australia, 1990 Rotary engine. Brian Crighton, who had worked on Norton's rotaries, started the company
France, 1950's, Scooters
Royal Enfield
England, The Enfield Cycle Company built their first motorcycle in 1900 and used their own and other makers engines until around 1927? and then used only their own. The first Enfield "Bullet" was built in 1932. The last Enfields were made in England in 1970... But, in 1955 they set up a plant in India to build bikes for the police and army. When the parent company went bust. Royal Enfield started as a munitions and arms manufacturer George Townsend & Co. in Redditch, near Birmingham in 1880, making bicycles. In 1892 it was closed for financial reasons, but it came back as Enfield Manufacturing, reformed by Robert Smith (works director) and Albert Eadie (managing director). They started making Enfield bicycles in 1892 before turning to motorcycles in 1899 with a single powered by a 299cc Minerva and a quadricycle with a de Dion engine. They produced their own engine in 1901. However, in 1904 they let motorcycle production slip while they concentrated on cars (as the Enfield Autocar Company). This company went broke in 1907 and the parent company concentrated on parts manufacturing, while Eadie resigned.

Enfield returned to motorcycling in 1910, when they produced a lightweight V-twin, which was followed in 1912 by a 770cc JAP-powered V-twin using an Enfield-patented Cush-drive rear hub. Several new designs were introduced in the next four years including a two-stroke 225cc machine in 1914 that came third in the Junior TT that year.

When war broke out, Enfield made both bicycles and sidecar outfits for the Allies. After WW1, their line expanded to singles. Starting with a 350cc in 1924, it grew to include a range from 225 to 488cc (first offered as a sv in 1927, it also came in ohv versions in 1928). A special version of the 1922 2 1/4 hp model was made with a lowered frame for women. They also offered a series of twins which reached 976cc in 1921 with an engine of their own design. They also made a large 1140cc V-twin Model K, which was produced through the 1930s, until 1938.

Firsts included Cush drives before WW1 and dry sump crankcases in 1930 models. During WW2 they made a robust 350cc side-valve single for the military.

The Bullet was launched in 1934 in 250, 350 and 500cc sizes, although the initials used to designate models were still retained. The Bullet was successfully redesigned after WW2 and did well in sales and in trials matches after its re-launch in 1948. The 1949 Model G Bullet had an alloy head, and full swing-arm suspension. The 1948 Bullet also had a re-designed frame, and its new suspension offered superior handling against its competitors.

In 1948, the company introduced the Meteor, its first parallel twin, a 500cc machine with swing-arm suspension and other advances. This was upgraded to the 692cc Meteor in 1953, the largest parallel twin available aside from the Vincent. It got several more upgrades to the Super Meteor, then in 1958 the Constellation with its Airflow fairing, and finally the 736cc Interceptor in 1962 and the final version, the Mk2 Interceptor, perhaps the finest British twin ever made. Another popular Enfield was the Continental GT, a five-speed 248cc sporting single. The Clipper ran from 1953 to 57, when it was replaced by the unit-construction Crusader (a budget Crusader II was launched in 1958-65, but was not the same machine). The Clipper itself was really a budget version of the Bullet.

Several innovative machines were made in the 1950s and 60s. The Crusader Sports (56) was the first modern British four-stroke, the Series II Interceptor (69) had wet-sump lubrication, capacitor ignition and a vertical oil filter.

For a short while before it collapsed, American firm Indian sold the Interceptor in the USA with an Indian badge. In the mid-1950s, RE sold manufacturing equipment to an Indian subsidiary in Madras, to make the 350cc Bullet for the Indian Army and Indian police.

In the mid 1960s, RE was in financial trouble. They continued in business until 1967 when they closed and sold off their stock and machinery. The Indian Enfield company however, made Bullets with hardly a change since they began in 1955, except to upgrade the engine to 500cc for one model, improve the electrics and brakes. These bikes have been exported around the world, coming back to the UK in 1978 and other countries soon after. They become popular as simple, easy-going bikes with a vintage look and feel, but at low cost.

In 1997, the Indian Enfield company acquired the rights to use the name Royal Enfield on its bikes. Swiss engineer Fritz Egli has done considerable work upgrading and tuning Bullets for more power and speed.

Enfield India just kept on making the 500cc Bullet. They purchased the rights to use the Royal Enfield name in 1995
Rover English car builder that made motorcycles from around 1902 - 1925
Rovena cycles were produced from 1963-1968. Two-stroke motorcycles, built by Sanglas using twin-cylinder 249cc and 323cc Hispano-Villiers engines
RTX England, Dirt bikes
Rudge England, 1894 - 1939, the Rudge Whitworth company, 250 to 500cc. four valve IOE motors. Bought by Raleigh
Rugmobile (Ruggles) USA, 1902 - 1909, H.B. Ruggles designed and produced the Rugmobile and the Ruggles. They had step through frames for "rider comfort"
Italy, 1950's Scooters
Belgium, 1921 - 1930
Rys Poland, 1958 - 1963


Sachs Germany, takes over Hercules in 1963 then in 1965 takes over Victoria, Express and DKW. They had a 1000cc bike in 2000 
Sadran Spain
USA, Late 1940's, They had a 320cc scooter
Belgian, 1896, They built motorcycles and sold single and V-Twin engines. They also made 2 stroke engines. They merged with Rene-Gillet around 1960
Sampson Australia, 1920's
built 295cc to 497cc motorcycles in the 1940s and 1950s, used by the Spanish police. In 1981 the last Sanglas motorcycle was produced and Yamaha took over the company
Sanyang Tiawan, Sanyang also owns Wuxi Futong Motorcycle Company on the mainland
Italy, 1920 - 1926
Germany, 1938, The Schweinfurterwerke manufactured a complete rear wheel assembly that used a Fichtel and Sachs engine and was sold as an option by at least two dozen different bicycle makers 
USA, 1907 - 1924, Schickel Motor Co.
Germany, 1930's Some of their bikes had 500 to 600cc engines, which were very large for two strokes of the time  
Germany, Bought by DKW in 1928
Scootamota England, 1919 , Sold in the U.S. as Scootamotor
France, Started making trials bikes in 1992
Scott British, 1908 to 1950 Founded by Alfred  A. Scott
USA, 1901 - 1911, George Dewald built a shaft drive motorcycle in 1901. In 1909 he formed the S.D. manufacturing Co. with Jacob R. Spangler. T
USA, Sold it's first motorcycles in 1909 or 1910. Until around 1916 they sold Sears badged motorcycles made by Thor and Excelsior with v-twins and some with Spacke singles. I think that some Gilera built Motorcycles were sold as Sears in the 1960's
Seeley England, Built racers
Segale Italy
Sertum Italy, Founded in 1922 by Fausto Alberti, closed in 1953 
SFM Poland, 1958 - 1965
England, 1916, Transverse V-twin
Shang Wei
Tiawan, Electric Scooters, also has a plant in Morocco
Shaw USA, 1912 - 1914, The Shaw Mfg. Co built clip-on bicycle engines before and after they tried complete bikes for two years
Tiawan, Electric Scooters
Sherco Spain, 1999, Trials bikes
Shin-Meiwa Japan
Shin San Tong
Taiwan, 1969 -1972, Built mini bikes under license from Yamaha and exported them as Maverick and Gemini 
Poland, 1938 - 1970, Suchedniowska Huta Ludwikow stopped production during the war in 1939 and started again in 1947. It took over the Sokol badge in 1948 both went out of production in 1950. The SLH badge was used again from by KZWM from 1955 to around 1970
England, 1970 - 1979
Silver Pigeon Japan, 1947, made by Mitsubishi, 100cc scooter
Simo Spain
USA, Made the Servi-Cycle in Louisiana 1935 - 1960, built scooters until around 1975
Simplex England,
Germany, 1949 - 1961, AWO Simpson
Hillfields England, 1909, made motorcycles and cars
Skootmobile USA
Australia, An electric prototype three wheeler designed by Dimitris Skoutas
France, 1922 - 1927
Smith Motor Wheel
USA, built by the A.O. Smith Co in Milwaukee, it was a detachable engine and drive wheel for bicycles
Germany, 1921 - 1925
Sokol Poland, 1920's see CWS & SHL
Solex France, 1945 - 1988, (Velosolex) Motorized bicycles. Now made again in Hungary
Solvay France, 1905?
USA, Spacke Machine Co. Made engines and possibly their own "Deluxe" motorcycle around 1913
Spagthorpe England,
Sparkbrook England, 1912   Had a factory in Hillfields
(Spartamet) Dutch, Bicycle maker that made mopeds and motorcycles with Villiers engines in the 1950's 
England, 1960's early 1970's, Motocross bikes, used several makers engines including their own 405cc that was a copy of a late 60's Husqvarna engine. They used a twin down loop frame. Built in the midlands. Also sold in the U.S. as American Eagle
Germany, 1922 - 1924, They made motorcycles as well as three wheeled trucks
England, 1921 - 1924, They had a 538cc two stroke, but it would over heat and was not successful 
England, 1899 - 1913
Star-Griffon see Star
USA, Harley clones
Steffey USA, 1900's
USA, 1967 - 1973, Mini-bikes
England, The Stevens brothers from AJS Started Stevens Brothers Ltd. in 1932 and  made Stevens motorcycles from 1934 to 1938 when the war effort stopped them. They Produced engines for many builders starting in the early 1900's
Stewart New Zealand, Scooters
USA, 1901, Stratton Motor Bicycle Co.
France, 1930s 
Styria Austria, Early 1900's, Made by Puch
Hainan Sundiro Motorcycle Corporation
England, 1910s The Sun Cycle & Fittings Co. Ltd
Sun England, 1950's, Scooters
England, John Marston Ltd made their first motorcycle in 1912, it was designed by Harry Stevens (Stevens bros). They sold bikes to the British, Russian and French armies. They were bought out by Nobel Industries in 1919. AMC England bought the motorcycle division in 1936. It was eventually sold to BSA
Superia Belgium, 1960's, Started when the Claeys brothers that started Flandria split up, used Sachs engines
USA, The American Excelsior company rebadged their exports as Super-X because the English Excelsior Co. had the rights to the Excelsior name in Europe. Super-X was also one of their model names
started making motorcycles in 1952
Svalan Sweden, 1950's P&M (Panther) sold parts to them that were assembled in Sweden and sold as Svalan
SVM Started when SWM closed 
SWM Italy 1953 - 1984

Tami Korea, Folding scooters
Tas Japan, Built small engines that mounted on the front wheel of bicycles. Sold as Spitz, Bike Bug, Sears Free Spirit
Czechoslovakia, 1950's -1960's, Scooters
Teco Germany
England, 1930's
Terrot France, 1920's
Testi Italy, Minarelli engines
Taiwan Golden Bee Co., LTD started making scooters in 1978
TGM Italy, Terzi Giovanni Marchesini
USA, 1900. Thiem Mfg. Co., Minneapolis  see Joerns
USA,1900, see Auto-bi
The Aurora Automatic Machine Co. built engines, to the design of Oscar Hedstrom, for the first Indians. It also sold these engines to other motorcycle builders using the Thor brand-name. Reading-Standard, Racycle, Emblem, Brandenburg, Yankee and others used Thor engines or assembled complete Thor bikes and rebadged them. The first complete Thor motorcycles were built in 1907 and stopped in 1916
Thoroughbred USA, 1904, Made by Reading-Standard. see Aurora
Three Spires England, 1938 - 1940 Autocycles
USA, 1906? - 1909?, The Tiger Cycle Co., Harry Gliesman sold many brands of motorcycles and one of his various companies apparently produced the Tiger Special 
Tiger Sweden, it was a re-badged Svalan
Tiger Germany, The name used on some exported Allrights
TIZ Russia, 1930's
Titan USA, Another of the growing number of Harley Davidson clone motorcycles built with after market parts. Filed for chapter 11 in Jan. 2001
Tohatsu Japan, Motorcycle production was taken over by Bridgestone in the 1960's
Slovenia/Netherlands, Mopeds
Italy, 1960 - 1965, Built by Aermacchi, sold in the U.S. as a Harley-Davidson Topper. It was large for a scooter, with a step through frame and a 165cc engine with a rope pull start
Germany, 1926 - 1955 
Tornedo Poland, 1938 - 1939
Tote Gote
USA, 1958 - 1970, Trail scooters
USA, 1905 - 1907, Newark NJ, Breeze Motor Mfg. Co.  500cc single 
Torpedo USA, 1901 built by Glenn Curtiss
Toyomotor Japan
USA, Early 1900's
USA, They make trike conversions using Honda GL1200 and GL15OO Gold Wing, Valkyrie, Interstate and Kawasaki engines
USA, early 1900's
Triumph England, Triumph registered as New Triumph Co. Ltd in 1887. Started building motorcycles in 1902 when they put a Minerva 2.25 horsepower engine on one of their reinforced bicycle frames. Triumph was sold to the "BSA Group" in 1951 and later became part of Norton, Villiars, Triumph (NVT). By 1957 the parts on Triumph, Norton and BSA were starting to be interchanged with each other. After NVT folded, John Bloor bought the manufacturing rights and the Triumph name from the bankrupt company in 1983. A new factory was built in 1990 and the company is on the upswing
Traumannsdorf Austria
Tule Trooper USA, 1960's, Made in Washington State
India, Started in 1911 by T. V. Sundaram. They made their first mopeds in 1979. The formed a joint venture with Suzuki in 1982 to become TVS-Suzuki. They ended their partnership in 2000
Twin Eagle USA, Harley clones
TWN Germany, 1903 - 1957, was originally started by Triumph as Orial TWN (Triumph Werke Nuernberg) They produced at least one model that was the same as a British Triumph, but most were their own design. A few were imported to the USA

Ultra Harley Clone, uses S&S engines
Ural Russian, built in a factory near Moscow in the 1930s with help from the Germans. Then up scaled after the Soviets captured the BMW factory in Eisenach Germany and moved the machinery to a factory in Irbit USSR. Still building modern and retro looking motorcycles today.
IMZ-Ural is the only Russian manufacturer of heavy duty motorcycles and one of few manufacturers of side-car motorcycles in the world. IMZ-Ural is a conglomerate of companies producing and selling classic motorcycles both singles and side-car combinations.

The story of IMZ-Ural begins late in 1939, a secret meeting was held in the Defence Ministry of USSR and the matter under discussion was what a model of motorcycles was going to be the most suitable for Soviet Armed Forces. After long discussion the BMW R71 motorcycle was found to match the requirements most closely and 5 motorcycles of the kind were secretly bought in Sweden. Everything about the bike was reversed engineered and early in 1941 the first trial samples of M-72 motorcycles were shown to Marshall Stalin and decision was taken to produce them.

Nazi invasion was so fast that Soviet Government had to move the Factory from Moscow to Irbit, a little town on the edge of Siberia, an important Trade and Fair centre in Russia before Revolution of 1917. On October 25, 1942 the first batch of Motorcycles went to the front and during WWII totally 9799 motorcycles were delivered to the front for reconnaissance detachments and mobile troops. After the WWII the Factory was further developed and in 1950 the Number 30000 motorcycle was produced, and totally more than 3 million motorcycles mainly with side-car have been produced since.

There are a lot of places in Russia where only horses and URAL motorcycles can be used to gear-up where you need it. The export history of URALs started in 1953, mainly to developing countries first, including Governmental Authorities of various countries. But starting late in the 1980s deliveries started to developed countries and more and more URALs are there on the roads of all continents. URALs are a unique combination of price, classic styling and side-car, just like my "daddy's bike".

In the beginning of 1998 the business was bought by private Russian interest and it is no longer state property, bringing new ideas, new investments, new management, new production techniques, new design, technology and above all quality control of incoming, in-process and finished products.

Where other competitors have stopped production or are stuck in a rut of old models, IMZ have been given a new lease of life, with new models and an engine that benefits the standards required by the sporting and leisure rider of modern times. Whilst the outward appearance of the engine is the same as before, quality control techniques have use of better alloying and casting, better engineering tolerances, better paint and chrome whilst retaining the advantage of continuity with the inherently balanced design of a horizontally opposed flat twin engine with roller bearings in a solid frame.
URS Germany, 1960's racers designed by Helmut Fath

V-8 Holland, Chevy engines
Van Veen Dutch, 1976 to 1978, They had a 996cc Comoto (made by NSU-Citroen) rotary, a Moto Guzi frame with shaft drive and a top speed of 130mph 
Vauxhall England, 1922 - 1923, English car maker Vauxhall.

Vee Two
Australia, Started out making dependable engine parts for Ducati's.
England, 1905 - 1971
Velocipedraisiavaporianna (Steam) Germany and France, 1818, It used a steam turbine in each wheel instead of the usual piston steam engine. The vehicle was tested in the Luxembourg Gardens in Paris on April 5, 1818, but was invented in Germany
Veremati Italy
Vespa Piaggio
Victoria Germany, 1901 - 1958, at one time used BMW engines, had a supercharged engine in 1925. They were taken over, along with DKW and Express, by Zweirad-Union from 1958 - 1965 and then by Sachs
Victory USA, Made by Polaris, has Harley styling. They produce their own ohc, four valve per cylinder, 92 cu. in. V - Twin engines. Started development in 1993 and rolled the first one out in 1998. Today (2004) Victory is a large motorcycle manufacturer offering high technology, high quality cruisers.
Villa Italy, Motociclette Villa
England, The Villiers Engineering Company produced engines from about 1911 until NVT died in the 1970s
Villof Spain
Phil Vincent started making bikes in 1937, stopped around 1955. The HRD name was dropped in 1950. Models include the Comet, Rapide, the Black lightning racer and the famous Black Shadow (a street version of the Black lightning)
Vis Fabrik Germany, 1920's Built the Vis-Duplex that had a 496cc two stroke engine
Russian rotary motorcycles
Vogelbilt USA, Vogelbilt Corp has a prototype retro looking bike with Harley styling but using an electric motor with a top speed of 80 mph that they call the Electric Hog
USA, A small electric motorcycle made by Nova Cruz Products, Inc.
Italy, Vor Motori was started in 1998, motocross and supermoto joined in a partnership with ATK in 2001
Voskhod Russia, 1966
France, 1995

Wabo Dutch, 1950's
USA, 1904 Minneapolis
Wall England, 1912 - 1925, Made an engine kit for bicycles
Walter Germany, 1903 - 1942
Germany, 1902 - 1929 They had engines between 616cc, and 750cc.
Waratah Australia 
USA, 1905 - 1913, Had 500cc OHV single. Also made Jefferson, PEM and sold engines
Welbike UK, 1940, collapsible military scooter
Wendax Germany, 1930
France, 1897 - 1908, The Russian brothers Werner, built and had patented the cradled frame engine location that most motorcycles now use, in 1901. They had a front wheel drive bike in 1898 but decided that it would improve handling to mount the engine between the wheels
West Coast Choppers USA, Custom V-Twin Choppers by Jessie James
England, Speedway bikes and engines
Poland, 1951 - 1965, Took over Sokol in 1951
USA, 1905 - 1907, actually a tricycle with two wheels in front, Aurora Mfg engine
Whiting Australia-England, 1915 - 1920?, Saville Whiting designed several motorcycle prototypes but could never get them put into mass production in England or Australia. They used engines made by Douglas, JAP and the last used a V - Four of Whiting's design
USA, 1939 - 1964, Motorized bicycles
Widmayer USA, 1901, If any were produced
Wild West Motor Company USA, Harley Clones
England, 1903 - 1914, Wilkinson Sword Co., Made a touring bike that had a water cooled inline four engine with shaft drive in 1913
Williams USA, 1910's J.N. Williams built a three cyl. engine that was put inside the wheel on several prototypes

Winged Wheel
England, A bicycle engine kit made by BSA
Wisconsin Wheel
Smith Motor Wheel
see Wearwell
Wood USA, 1914
Wooler English 1920's John Wooler. One model was called the "Flying Banana" because of it's strange styling and yellow tank
WSK Poland 1954 - 1985, Wytwornia Sprzetu Komunikacyjnegowhich translates as "Communications Equipment Factory".
see Wearwell
Wul-Gum Poland, 1937 - 1939, Sachs engines


Xingfu China, Shanghai Xingfu. Manufacaturers of 50-250cc motorcycles and mopeds.


Yale USA, 1902 - 1915, their first bike was the Yale-California
Yale-California USA, Consolidated Manufacturing Company in Toledo, Ohio, 1902 - 1915, Bought the rights for the California motorcycle
Yamaguchi Japan
Yamaha Japan, Made their first bikes around 1955. 1955: See their Yamaha Hsitory Museum here
Yankee USA, 1969 - 1977 Ossa engines
Yankee USA, 1920's
Yankee USA, 1903 - 1908, Charles Haberer.
Yezdi see Ideal Jawa
Young Rider
Italy, Competition mini bikes

Zanzani Italy, Build Motobi replicas 
USA, Electric bicycles
England, 1914 1000cc. JAP engines
ZID Russia
USA, Motorized Bicycles
Poland, 1938 - 1939
Germany, 1921 - 1984.


Please note:  this is not an official Star Touring and Riding website.  This has been created independently to share photos.